Artificial Intelligence is building an impressive track record of offering learners with ADHD multiple layers of personalized assistance. Differentiation tools and strategies will continue to play a large role in education as student populations become more diverse and students with special needs are increasingly placed in general education classes.

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According to a Twitter survey that I did, personalized learning is also the area of education that teachers believe will continue to be the most impacted by AI. 

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AI algorithms analyze students' learning styles, strengths, and weaknesses to create tailored learning plans that are differentiated by content, pacing, and rigor.   Robots are improving social skills via storytelling directly affecting children's’ cognitive performance, watches with sensors provide reminders for students to focus, software provides immediate feedback and develops personalized, engaging, lessons, and much more. 

ChatGPT offers a viable option for students with ADHD

Each student with ADHD is unique and has different support needs; but a common theme is tasks related to executive function such as organization, structure, and focus. The accessibility of ChatGPT means that students have the independence and agency to access support at any time and from any place.  

Students can ask ChatGPT to create a study schedule for them within their personal time constraints, create a list of suggested tasks to complete a project or assignment, provide ways to effectively study and manage time and much more.

Students can also independently access commonly used scaffolding supports through ChatGPT such as visual aids, a summary of main concepts, comprehension questions, examples, the text restated differently, outlines, the text translated, steps to a process (with explanations), etc. 


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When students with ADHD are taught to use AI as a support, far from “cheating”, they are accessing meta-cognitive learning strategies. The process of developing the awareness needed to identify the type of support a learner needs coupled with access to that support is one of growth and empowerment as students embrace the technology that will shape the workplace they will enter.  

Younger students require a significant amount of guidance and instruction on the effective use of ChatGPT. These skills have to be explicitly taught but the investment definitely pays off as they are integral to students owning their learning and becoming self advocates. It should also be noted that for students under the age of eighteen, parents and educators should use ChatGPT together since it is not currently authorized for minors due to legal and privacy concerns.

Enhancing Learning for Students with ADHD in Reading and Math Assignments  

Reading can easily become a landmine of distractions for the ADHD learner because of the sustained effort and focus required. Without going into the possible distractions that a student might experience from finding the text boring, a mismatch of rigor, or possible difficulties with reading, the assignment itself can present considerable distractions. 

When students are not able to understand a text, reading it over and over again can be overwhelming. Multi-step problems, word problems, and using formulas in Math present similar challenges for students in terms of maintaining focus and becoming overwhelmed.  Students can easily find themselves in a negative cycle that ends in frustration and not completing their assignments.

Enter ChatGPT which can function as a personal tutor of sorts.  Students can type in specific questions or enter blocks of text and ask for a summary.  They can also request a specific formula or multi-step operation with examples. 

ChatGPT’s interface is easier to use than a search engine since it is designed to be conversational in tone. It also provides an answer rather than a wide variety of results (some irrelevant) that are essentially just more information to sort through.  ChatGPT can summarize difficult concepts or answer specific questions, provide steps for problem solving, and quickly defines terms within seconds.

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People with ADHD are brilliant, fast thinkers and many have trouble organizing their thoughts into linear language since they’re not linear thinkers. Their minds shift from different topics quickly and then at times they can hyper-focus in one area.  

While this way of thinking can facilitate forming connections that others miss, it can be difficult to communicate their ideas to others. The planning and organizing aspects of writing, as well as gathering research for longer pieces rely heavily on strong executive functioning skills which is an area of weakness for students with ADHD.  

ChatGPT offers assistance with creating outlines and templates, enhancing the style of writing, grammar, answers to specific questions, as well as a dictionary and thesaurus.  This doesn’t mean that ChatGPT will do all of a person with ADHD’s thinking, researching, or writing for them; it means that ChatGPT can provide the executive functioning support that neurodiverse people need to be able to publish their ideas in written form.

It’s important to understand that AI is a resource, a prompt, an organizer, a tool, not a think tank or a fount of innovation.  Humans still reign as the planet’s visionaries, those with ADHD being some of the most brilliant and creative among them.  The support that AI offers students who have ADHD can reduce or even remove some of what is standing in the way of kids with ADHD from communicating their thoughts and being successful academically.  What more could geniuses with ADHD such as Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, and others have accomplished with AI as their sidekick?

And if you don’t believe me that ChatGPT has a lot of resources to offer students with ADHD, ask ChatGPT yourself!  Here’s the response that I got to the query “How can ChatGPT assist students with adhd?”:

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  • This is absolutely amazing! How do I get this introduced to my school district? In terms of support, for kids who have IEP in place, how can we get ChatGTP for them?

    • We recommend starting with the book “The AI Classroom” to understand the basics of AI in education. Joining the authors’ Facebook group can also be helpful for direct interaction and advice.

      AI tools like ChatGPT can be customized to support students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) by personalizing lessons according to their needs. Remember, integrating AI into a school system is a process, involving awareness, training, and gradual integration.

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    ChatGPT Offers Multiple Layers of Support to Students With ADHD was authored by:
    Nicole Biscotti

    Nicole Biscotti wrote I Can Learn When I'm Moving: Going to School With ADHD with her 9-year-old son. She teaches Spanish and continues to write and speak to schools about how they can better support ADHDers.

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